Unit-by-Unit Scaffolding

2-year College/University Program

Semester 1

Semester 2

Semester 3

Semester 4

Review +

Review +

Review +

Unidades 1-8

Unidades 9-15

Unidades 16-22

Unidades 23-29

Bonus Units - Unidad 30 & Unidad X

Semesters 5-6

Al fin y al cabo

4-year High-School Program

Spanish 1

Spanish 2

Spanish 3

Spanish 4

Review +

Review +

Review +

Unidades 1-4

Unidades 9-11

Unidades 16-18

Unidades 23-25

Unidades 5-8

Unidades 12-15

Unidades 19-22

Unidades 26-29

Bonus Units - Unidad 30 & Unidad X

Advanced Placement

Al fin y al cabo

Spanish Language School

Beginner 1

Beginner 2

Beginner 3

Intermediate 1 

Intermediate 2

Intermediate 3

Unidades 1-5

Unidades 6-10

Unidades 11-15

Unidades 16-20

Unidades 21-25

Unidades 26-30

Bonus Unit - Unidad X


Al fin y al cabo

Input: what students have

the opportunity to learn

Vocabulario Gramática

Vocabulario-Gramática front cover

Hardcover available here.

You've never seen a reader like this before!

Lectura front cover.jpg

Output: what students have

the opportunity to do


Actividades front cover

Spanish 1

Spanish 2

Spanish 3

Spanish 4

Unidad 1

Vocabulario – ¡Mucho gusto!

Gramática – cognates, prefixes and suffixes, pronunciation and emphasis

Actividades – greet others and answer basic personal questions

Unidad 2

​Vocabulario – lo básico

Gramática – gender and number, ser, estar, gustar, indirect-object pronouns, questions

Actividades – describe yourself and your favorite activities


Unidad 3

Vocabulario – la escuela y el trabajo

Gramática – present tense (regular verbs), possessive adjectives

Actividades – talk about school and work, your routine actions, and time of day

Unidad 4

​Vocabulario – los pasatiempos

Gramática – present tense (irregular verbs), infinitives and compound verb structures

Actividades – describe how/where you are; where you go; preferences, desires, and abilities

Unidad 5

​Vocabulario – la comida

Gramática – idiomatic expressions with tener

Actividades – describe meals, your favorite foods, likes and dislikes

Unidad 6

Vocabulario – la gente y las descripciones

Gramática – adjectives, adverbs, comparatives

Actividades – talk about family and other people in your life


Unidad 7

Vocabulario – la ropa

Gramática – direct-object pronouns, questions

Actividades – describe your clothing and shopping habits and preferences


Unidad 8

Vocabulario – las vacaciones

Gramática – progressive present, gerund and infinitives

Actividades – discuss where you are going and what you are doing, as well as the weather

Unidad 9

Vocabulario – la casa y los quehaceres

Gramática – present tense (irregulars), hay, tener, direct-object pronouns

Actividades – describe your home, its furnishings and how frequently you do chores

Unidad 10

Vocabulario – el cuerpo humano y las enfermedades

Gramática – ser, estar, indirect-object pronouns, doler, double negatives, reflexive verbs

Actividades – discuss what body parts hurt, how you feel and what to do when you are sick

Unidad 11

Vocabulario – la ciudad

Gramática – preterite tense (regulars and irregulars)

Actividades – give directions and talk about errands like the post office and banking

Unidad 12 (parte 1)

Vocabulario – la vida escolar

Gramática – present tense (irregulars), conocer, saber, preterite tense (irregulars)

Actividades – talk about who and what you know and your school responsibilities

Unidad 12 (parte 2)

Vocabulario – la vida profesional

Gramática – present tense (irregulars), conocer, saber, preterite tense (irregulars)

Actividades – talk about who and what you know and your job responsibilities


Unidad 13

Vocabulario – la rutina diaria

Gramática – reflexive present-tense verbs, reflexive preterite-tense verbs

Actividades – describe your morning and nighttime routines

Unidad 14

Vocabulario – la ropa

Gramática – direct objects with reflexive verbs, comparatives, nominalization of adjectives

Actividades – discuss clothing and fashion, shopping, and the weather

Unidad 15

Vocabulario – la alimentación y los restaurantes

Gramática – indirect-object pronouns with direct-object pronouns

Actividades – describe food preparation and restaurant etiquette, including ordering food

Unidad 16

Vocabulario – los deportes, los juegos y las diversiones

Gramática – present tense (irregulars), preterite tense (irregulars), gerund forms (irregulars)

Actividades – talk about sports and games, including your successes and failures

Unidad 17

Vocabulario – la niñez y la juventud

Gramática – imperfect tense (regulars and irregulars)

Actividades – reminisce and discuss your childhood, including your old toys and pets

Unidad 18

Vocabulario – la familia y las celebraciones

Gramática – accent marks, combining object pronouns (R.I.D.), “personal a

Actividades – talk about your extended family, greetings, celebrations, and traditions

Unidad 19

Vocabulario – de viaje

Gramática – progressive tenses, commands (regulars and irregulars, reflexive)

Actividades – plan a trip, navigate the airport, and give instructions and advice

Unidad 20

Vocabulario – las características

Gramática – /Ud./Uds. commands, accent marks, comparatives, superlatives

Actividades – describe people, their behaviors, good manners, and volunteer opportunities

Unidad 21

Vocabulario – donde vivimos

Gramática – past participles as adjectives and present-perfect tense (regulars and irregulars)

Actividades – discuss the advantages and disadvantages of urban, suburban, and rural life

Unidad 22

Vocabulario – el entretenimiento

Gramática – pluperfect tense (regulars and irregulars)

Actividades – comment on TV, movies, and theater, including ratings and cultural norms

Unidad 23

Vocabulario – el medioambiente y la naturaleza

Gramática – future tense (regulars and irregulars), future-perfect tense, subjunctive mood

Actividades – debate environmental ethics, our rights and responsibilities, Earth’s future

Unidad 24

Vocabulario – los misterios, los fenómenos y los complots

Gramática – present subjunctive (regulars and irregulars), present-perfect subjunctive

Actividades – discuss religion, ghosts, the Zodiac, mysteries, and conspiracy theories

Unidad 25

Vocabulario – el cuerpo humano y la medicina

Gramática – subjunctive mood or indicative mood, routine or future

Actividades – know your body, discuss with medical staff (or patients) all things medical

Unidad 26

Vocabulario – la vida doméstica

Gramática – subjunctive mood, preterite or imperfect indicative

Actividades – describe your home, vehicle, tool shed, and junk drawer

Unidad 27

Vocabulario – las ciencias y la tecnología

Gramática – conditional tense, imperfect subjunctive (regulars and irregulars), infinitives

Actividades – discuss the merits and impacts of scientific and technological advancements

Unidad 28

Vocabulario – el crimen, las delincuencias y la justicia

Gramática – hypothetical situations, conditional-perfect, pluperfect subjunctive

Actividades – discuss crime and criminal justice, including weapons and drugs

Unidad 29

Vocabulario – la política y los asuntos mundiales

Gramática – gender and number, adjective placement, adverbs, diminutives, ser, estar, haber

Actividades – debate politics: free elections, international treaties, immigration, war, peace

Unidad 30

Vocabulario – los refranes, los modismos y las expresiones idiomáticas

Gramática – accentuation and intonation, pronunciation, alphabet, spelling oddities

Actividades – practice written accent marks, intonation, and pronunciation

Unidad X

Gramática – se, speculation, vosotros, voseo, prepositions, por, para, poorly spoken Spanish